The goal of office ergonomics is to design your office work station so that it fits you and allows for a comfortable working environment for maximum productivity and efficiency. An ergonomically correct office work station will help you avoid fatigue and discomfort.
1. Make sure the weight of your arms is supported
If your arms are not supported the muscles in your neck and shoulders will be crying by the end of the day.
2. Watch your head position
Don't crane your head or neck forward and try to keep the weight of your head directly above your neck.
3. Don't be a slouch!
Move your chair as close to your work as possible to avoid leaning and reaching. Slouching puts more pressure on the discs and vertebrae.
4. Place your monitor and keyboard accurately
Your monitor should be placed directly in front of you with the top no higher than eye level. The keyboard should be directly in front of the monitor.
5. Use proper phone techniques
Talking on the phone with the receiver jammed between your neck and your ear is really bad.
6. Make sure your keyboard and mouse are close
This will prevent excessive reaching which will strain the shoulders and arms.
7. Make sure your monitor is not too close
Avoid eye strain by making sure the monitor is at least an arm's length away.
8. Avoid screen glare
Make sure the monitor is not placed in front of a window or a bright background.
9. Rest your eyes
Rest your eyes from time to time by looking at objects in the distance.
10. Keep your feet planted
Your feet should not be dangling when you are seated. If your feet don't comfortably reach the floor use a footrest or lower the keyboard and chair.